In fan fiction, you often see new writers posting things they’ve written without anyone else looking at it. And, often, they themselves have weak writing skills. No money is lost by posting such things online, but you do lose readership if people can’t get past the first page for all the mistakes.
Proofreading (or copy editing) is all the more critical if you intend to publish something professionally. If you send a mistake-riddled manuscript to a publisher, I very much suspect they won’t bother reading it to completion either. Your story may be great, it may be the next bestseller, but the reader won’t be able to find the story for all the errors.
Part of the problem is that writers often write in a vacuum. They write it, they edit it, they proof it and then they’re “done”. It gets sent to a publisher or self-published online and they wait for the readers and money to flow in. I can’t even count the number of times I’ve read Amazon reviews that remark on how poorly written stories are – structure, editing, spelling, grammar. Usually the reviewer couldn’t bring themself to even finish the book. And those are NOT the kinds of reviews you want. They certainly won’t encourage new readers to give your book a chance.
So, what do you do to hopefully clean up most, if not all, of the mistakes? Read it, read it again, and again and again. Then have at least one other person (that you know has strong English language skills) to read it over also. No matter how good we are, we will always miss some of our own mistakes.
One of the things I do when proofreading for a friend is to do the first reading ‘straight through’. Why? Because I want to see the big picture, and I want to check for continuity and story progression. I usually prefer to read a print copy and so I might circle in red any errors I spot along the way, but I keep reading. I don’t stop and give lengthy notes about the problem then and there. That disrupts the flow. This can also be done on a computer screen – I simply highlight something and move on. When I’m done, I can note general, overall impressions of the story, and then I can go back and give specifics for cleaning up any issues I spotted.
I recently proofed a book for a friend who self-publishes. There were instances of repetitious use of a phrase (without a specific reason to do so). They weren’t close to one another so they weren’t readily seen unless you read straight through. There were also a couple of places where she seemed to change her mind on a certain element of the story (a door being opened), but in three separate places, the action varies: it is opening, it isn’t opening. All of those needed to be reconciled with each other.
What about dropped plot points? I wrote a story once and was cranking right along, but this story tied to other stories I had written. I had failed to check the timeline. So I have a story going that is totally ignoring a significant event (a wedding) that would be taking place when and where the new story is occurring. Luckily, I noticed before I finished the story, but it meant going back and rewriting a lot of pages to work that detail in. As it happens, I am very good at proofing my own stories (I once worked as a proofreader so I tend to see mistakes before I see the whole picture, but I don’t publish professionally). That being the case, I rarely have anyone else read my stories before I post them. That slip-up of omitting a plot point would have shown up in the “finished” product, and I’m very sure one of my astute readers would have called me on it. Embarrassing, yes, but it would also mean pulling the story down for a rewrite – not ideal.
You’ve been staring at your story for a long time. The ideas and words have been written and rewritten several times (presumably). Maybe you’re really tired of looking at it and just want to be done. If so, set it aside for a while (a week, a month or whatever suits you) and then read it from scratch and see how it strikes you. And, if at all possible, get a trusted friend to read it and give you feedback.
Your work will be the better for those final efforts at tidying it up.